Computers were used on a large scale for the first time during the World War II for military data processing. Its non-military uses gained momentum in the post-war period. India was one of the first countries of the world to utilise the capabiliity of computers in Education, R & D, Planning and National Dvelopment. The developments during ’50s and ’60s in terms of computer resources chronicled here would testify to this trend.

Arrival of Computers in India

1950 First Analog Computer at the Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Kolkata
1954 First digital computer – HEC-2M developed by A.D. Booth at Birbeek College, London for ISI.
1955 HEC-2M operational at ISI in August
1958 URAL from the Soviet Union through the United Nation’s Technical Assistance for ISI.
1961 First commercial computer installed by ESSO Standard Eastern Inc., Bombay (Mumbai)
1962-1964 14 computers in R &D organisation
1963 IBM 1620 at IIT, Kanpur
1964 IBM 1401 by IBM for ISI to supplant the above two
1965 CDC 3600 acquired by TIFR, Mumbai
1965-1966 30 commercial installations
1966 IBM 7044 at IIT, Kanpur
1967 10 Honeywell Computers at Department of Statistics, Cabinet Secretariat
1968 IBM 1401 at IIT, Kanpur
1969 IBM computer at Planning Commission under a grant of Ford Foundation

Number of Computers in India as on 1 August 1974

1961 2
1962 1
1963 2
1964 8
1965 12
1966 16
1967 22
1968 20
1969 21
1970 11
1971 33
1972 14
1973 16
1974 11
1971-1974* 28

1971 to 74* Exact year of installations not known but installed during this period.

Source: Two Hundred and Twenty First Report of the Public Accounts Committee (1975-76) on Computerisation in Government Departments. Department of Electronics. p3,1976, Lok Sabha Secretariat, New Delhi.


Government of India Initiatives

a) After the war with China in 1962, the Governemnt of India realised the importance and felt the need of a strong indigenous electronics base for security and national development and accordingly set up the Electronics Commettee (also known as the Bhabha Committee) under the Chairmanship of the renowned nuclear scientist Dr. Homi J Bhabha. The Committee in its report in 1966 focussed on computers as tools “to the dvelopment of a new outlook and a new scientific culture” and suggested the establishment of a National Computer Centre and five regional centres.

b) The Electronics Committee convened a National Conference on Electronics in 1968 wherein Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, the then Chairman of the Committee, suggested the formation of National Informatics Organisation towards fulfilling the goal of a self-reliant electronics industrey.

c) Recognising the need for rapid progress in this regard, the Government of India set up a separate Department of Electronics (DOE) with effect from 26th June 1970 with Professor M.G.K. Menon as the Secretary of the Department. The department functioned directly under Prime Minister as a scientific department.

d) The Government constituted the Electroncs Commission in February 1971 under the Chairmanship of Professor M.G.K. Menon.

e) For policy formulation and implementation through meaningful, effective and in-depth studies in the field of electronics including computer industry, an Information, Planning and Analysis Group (IPAG) of the Electronics Commission was constituted in October 1971 with Dr. N. Seshagiri as its Director.

f) The Headquarters of the Department of Electronics were at Delhi and those of the Electronics Commission at Mumbai (then Bombay). The IPAG as part of the Electronics Commission was centred at Mumbai.



The Electronics Commission and the DOE put forward a proposal to UNDP for assistance to set up a National Computer Centre in Delhi for building up national data bases, developing the methodologies for utilising these, and for defining the various options and paths in decision-making at the national level. A UNDP team visited Delhi in March 1975 to study the proposal. The UNDP agreed to fund the National Informatics Centre to the extent of US $4.4 million for the purchase of a large computer system (costing approximately US $3.3 million), other hardware, training, the services of experts, etc.

The 1976-’77 Annual Report of the DOE noted: ‘In view of this, action has been taken to proceed with the preliminary work relating to the National Informatics Centre so that when UNDP financial assistance becomes available and the major hardware is commissioned (in 1978 on the basis of current information), the Centre can get on with its work on an expeditious basis. NIC is a plan project administered by the Information, Planning and Analysis Group (IPAG) of the Electronics Commission in its initial stages’.

The Advisory Council set up for the NIC in 1976-1977 had the following composition:

Prof. M. G. K. Menon, Chairman, Electronics Commission Chairman
Shri M. Satyapal, Advisor (I&M), Planning Commission Member
Shri C.S. Swaminathan, Controller General of Accounts, Ministry of Finance Member
Prof. V. S. Rajamani, Professor, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi Member
Col. A. Balasubramanian, Officer on Special Duty, Department of Electronics Member
Dr. N. Seshagiri, Director (IPAG) and Executive Director (Protem), NIC Member


The long-term objective of the National Informatics Centre, as approved by the Planning Commission, Ministry of Finance and the Electronics Commission, is ‘to establish the feasibility of a system for the provision of detailed information to government ministries and agencies to assist them in making decisions relating to the country’s economic and social development planning and programme implementation’. (Annual Report of the Department of Electronics, Government of India, 1977-’78,p172.)

NIC was set up with the objective to promote economic, social, scientific and technological activities, and also for macro-economic adjustment programme of the Government, through the applications of IT.



As laid down in the Annual Reports of DOE 1976-'77 and 1977-'78, NIC was given the mandate to:

• Provide this informatics service to various user agencies in Government

• Play a promotional role in creating appropriate information systems in Government

• Act as a focal point for developing, managing and operating information system in Government

• Act as a focal point for development of methodologies for designing and implementing national information systems and data management techniques

• Act as a focal point for maintaining inventories of primary data and computer-based systems for data collection and dissemination

• Train users in information systems, data management and computing techniques

Ten information systems were planned for development by NIC in the following sectors:

• Agriculture

• Construction and Transport

• Education and Manpower

• Energy

• Finance

• Industry

• Small-Scale Industries

• Socio-Economic Index

• Trade and Media

• Government Archival Information

With this, NIC embarked on a gradiose mission to develop various national data bases for use in planning and decision making by the government.



Starting as a small programme under an external stimulus by an UNDP project in early 1970s, NIC started functioning in 1977 and since then it has grown incrementally and later exponentially as one of India’s major S &T Organisations promoting Informatics-led Development, which has helped to usher in the required transformation to cope with the trends in the new millennium.

NIC has played an important role of an active catalyst and facilitator in informatics development programme in Governments at the national, state and district levels, during the last 26 years which made them take policy decisions to create knowledge societies – societies that can exploit knowledge to derive competitive advantage using the opportunities provided by digital technology. NIC has been instrumental in adopting Information Technology and Communication Technology to reach out into India i.e. by implementing IT applications in Social and Public Administrations.


NIC Profile

The organizational set up of NIC encompasses its Headquarters at New Delhi, State Units in all the 28 State capitals and 7 Union Territory Headquarters and District centres in almost all the Districts of India. The Organization employs a large pool of efficient technical manpower.

At the NIC Headquarters, a large number of Application Divisions exist which provide total Informatics Support to the Ministries and Departments of the Central Government. NIC computer cells are located in almost all the Ministry Bhawans of the Central Government and Apex Offices including the Prime Minister’s Office, the Rashtrapati Bhawan and the Parliament House.

NIC Headquarters is based in New Delhi. At NIC Headquarters, a large number of Application Divisions exist which provide total Informatics Support to the Ministries and Departments of the Central Government. NIC computer cells are located in almost all the Ministry Bhawans of the Central Government and Apex Offices including the Prime Minister’s Office, the Rashtrapati Bhawan and the Parliament House. Apart from this, NIC has various Resource Divisions at the Headquarters which specialize into different areas of IT and facilitate the Application Divisions as well as other NIC Centres in providing state-of-the-art services to the Govt.

National Informatics Centre, A-Block, CGO Complex,

Lodhi Road,

New Delhi - 110 003, India

Telephone : 91-11-4361133

Fax : 91-11-4362628

Technical Applications Divisions/Cells, NIC HQ

(for contact details, please visit at

1. Accounts Informatics Division 2. Agricultural Infomatics Division 3. Analytics & Modelling Division 4. Audit Information Division 5. Bibliographic Informatics Division 6. Billing Division, Revenue and Receipt Section 7. Biotechnology Informatics Division 8. Cabinet Secretariat Cell 9. Computer Aided Design (CAD) Group 10. Computer Aided Paperless Examination System (CAPES) Division 11. Central Pension Accounting Office 12. Certifying Authority 13. Civil Aviation Information Division 14. Commerce Informatics Division 15. Communication Information System Division 16. Communication Software Group 17. Community Information Centre Project 18. Cooperatives Informatics Division 19. Court Information System (COURTIS) Division 20. Computerised Rural Information Systems Project (CRISP) Division 21. Culture Informatics Division 22. Customs Division 23. Cyber Security Group 24. DDWS Computer Cell, Rural Development Informatics Systems Division 25. Department of Official Language 26. Disinvestment Informatics System Division (DISD) 27. DISNIC Programmme Division 28. DIT Support Division 29. EDI Application Unit 30. Education Information Division 31. e-Governance Division 32. Electronic Data Interchange Co-ordination Division 33. Energy Information Systems Division 34. Engineering Support Group 35. Environment & Forest Information Division 36. External Affairs Informatics Division 37. Finance Information Division 38. Financial Sector Informatics Division 39. Fiscal and Financial Resources Information Group 40. Food & Consumer Affairs Infosys Division 41. Food Processing Informatics Systems Division 42. Health & FW Informatics Division (HID) 43. Human Resource Development Division 44. Information & Broadcasting Informatics Division 45. Industry Information Systems Division 46. Information Technology Hardware Development Division 47. Infrastructure Group 48. Integrated Business Information Systems Division 49. Intellectual Property & Know How Informatics Division 50. Labour Information System Division 51. Land Records Information Systems Division 52. Law & Justice Division 53. Market Informatics Division 54. Ministry of Defence 55. Ministry of Home Affairs Information Systems Division 56. MPI Informatics Division 57. Ministry of Rural Development Project Cell 58. Natural Hazards Management Information System Division 59. Network Customer Support Divison 60. Network Infrastructure Systems Group 61. National Human Rights Commission Division 62. Parliament Informatics Division 63. Personnel & Public Grievances Informatics Division 64. Planning Commission Informatics Division 65. Press Inforamtics Bureau 66. Prime Minister’s Office 67. Remote Sensing & GIS Division 68. RENNIC / Internet Division 69. Satellite Communications Division 70. Science & Technology Division 71. Socio_Cultural Informatics Division 72. Surface Transport Informatics Division 73. System Operation & Management Informatics Division 74. Systems Maintenance Division 75. Systems Software Division 76. Teleinformatics Development Promotion Programme 77. Textile Informatics Division 78. Training Division 79. Transport & Highway Informatics Division 80. Urban Development and CPWD Informatics Division 81. Utility Mapping Division 82. Video Conferencing & MEF Division 83. Vigilance Information Division 84. Water Resources Informatics Division 85. Web Services & Multimedia Applications Division 86. Wireless Terrestrial Communication Division 87. Women & Child Development Info System Division



Video Conferencing Studio: Video Conferencing Studio has been set up in District Sangrur. With this facility District Sangrur is now able to talk face-to-face with any other district easily. Meetings can be organized because going the venue and only with the help of Video Conferencing Studio.

PRISM Ver 3.0 (Property Registration Information System Module): This project is to computerize the Sub Registrar Office of the District. There are 17 Sub-Registrar Offices in the District. This project has been implemented locations (6 Tehsils and 11 Sub Tehsils) in District Sangrur from 4 years, the maximum locations in the State in a single district. Now Govt has made our district a Pilot District to shift over to Client Server Module with one Server & two Clients for each location instead of the earlier stand alone PCs.

WEBPASS: Now Submission of Passport form is not the hectic work because NIC has decentralized the submission of Passport application to the district level. Now instead of going to Chanidgrah you can submit your Passport Application in the Deputy Commissioner’s Office SUWIDHA centre from 10 AM to 1 PM on week days. No need to go to Agents. All the necessary information has been got from the SUWIDHA centre easily. By Submitting your passport Application in the district also reduce the time of making the passport. Now you can get you passport with in 45 days instead of waiting it for 3-4 months. You can also see your passport status from the NIC Website at anytime.

Treasury Information System: NIC has fully computerized the Treasury of District Sangrur. All work like Bills, Accounts, data transfer, receipt, Pension, daily data from banks, maintaining of budget etc has been computerized and running successfully since 2001. This has drastically reduce he work of Treasury Employees as now they so not have to calculate the complex figure daily. Almost all the things have been done by the Software itself. Payments Check also now been printed. It brings relief from the hectic and complex work of Treasury and also the payments check has been given to the carious departments in time.

Co-operative Societies Monitoring System : NIC has computerize the co-operative societies department also. All Chapters, Annexures and Tables of the office of Deputy Registrar Co-op Societies for all the co-operative societies has been dome in NIC itself. Support for the sending data to the departments head officer is also give time to time as required.

Food Procurement Monitoring System: This system is already implemented in FCI, Agmarknet, Mandi Board, Markfed since 1994. Remote access server facility is also provided to them. Now Agmarket will be implemented in all the subdivisions of the district in the near future.

DISTRICT COURTS: NIC is now evolving in all the fields of Government Sector. Courts has also been computerized. Many softwares like Payroll, Judgement software etc has already implemented. Training to about 300 employees of courts has been given.

DISTRICT SOCIAL SECURITY OFFICE - PENSION SYSTEM: Government of Punjab is giving monthly pensions to Old Age persons Widows, Dependent children and Disabled persons. More then One lakh beneficiaries are there in District Sangrur. NIC has successfully computersied all the pension details since 1994 which results in the timely distribution of the pension to the beneficiaries. This will drastically reduce the work of District Social Security Office. Now the new system is going to be implemented by which you can get the status of your application any time from the District Social Security Department.

Village Directory Information System : Deputy Economic and Statistical Advisor’s ( Dy. E.S.A.) office is maintaining the Village directory of all the villages of District Sangrur which consists all the possible data of the villages. NIC has also computerized this Village directory and in operation for the past 10 years.

DISTRICT INDUSTRY CENTRE: NIC is also computerized the District Industry Centre of District Sangrur. This project is running at DIC Malerkotla and FCI Sangrur successfully.

AISES EDUCATION SURVEY: Computerisation of Education survey for all schools of the Urban and Rural areas of district Sangrur is being done for previous many years continuously.

PAYROLL SOFTWARE : Software for pay of the employees of the Deputy Commissioners Office has been implemented by NIC Sangrur for many years. Now the pay bills will be done in few hours previously it will take weeks.

GPF S/w: GPF statements for all the MIN, Revenue and ClassIV staff (690+ Personnel).

Revenue Monitoring System : Revenue recovery statements and reports of Tehsildars and NTs of all subdivisions and officer wise under this s/w on a monthly basis for the monthly meetings.

RURAL SOFT: This is the new On line project in which entries of all the Rural development schemes is to be entered directly on web site developed by NIC by DRDA and Zila Parishad officials.

IIP Project: SSI Index System for small scale industries software is running in NIC for several years. Data transmission through E-mail is sending to its Head Office at Chandigarh.

Election Work: All the technical work like Duties of Employess, Reports, Afidavits scaning and Result of Vidhan Sabha, Lok Sabha, Panchayat, Zila Parishad, Gurudwara Elections has been done by NIC for several years.

Along with this other works like has also be handled by NIC

• Prominent citizen Data

• Below Poverty Line


• Training Imparted to Officers/Officials

• Support given to DC Staff

• Support given to ADC Staff

• Support given to ADC(D) staff

• User interaction with SDM staff

• Support to DTO Staff

• Support to DPRO Staff

Projects to be implemented

SUWIDHA S/w : SUWIDHA is a single window counter where almost all the public related projects has been incorporated in one software. This software has already been implemented in almost all the districts of the state except Sangrur.

Sarathi and Vahan : Sarathi is the Driving License Software and Vahan is a software for registration of Vehicles.

Birth and death certificate monitoring system: To issue Birth and Death certificates NIC has developed a software which will be implemented in District Sangrur very soon. Data base has been updated.

Arms License software: Arms license software is to issue arms license.

Receipt and Dispatch software: This to computerized receipts and dispatch of letter coming and Going in DC office.

Besides all these softwares NIC is also giving FUll Support to Deputy Commissioner, Additional Deputy COmmissioner(Revenue & General), Assistant Commissioner, SDM's ( All Sub-Divisons) and also to various departments in the district time to time or as and when required.